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About Slovenia

Slovenia in Brief

The Republic of Slovenia lies at the heart of Europe where the Alps and the Mediterranean meet the Pannonian plains and the mysterious karst. To the north is Austria, to the east Hungary, to the south Croatia, and to the west Italy. Two million people live here on just over twenty thousand square kilometers.

Slovenia became an independent state in 1991. It has since established an international position and reputation as a democratic, stable and successful Central European country. Today it is an important international player – a place where statesmen would meet, a member of international organisations, and a country enjoying friendly ties with other countries around the world.
Slovenia became a member of the EU on May 1, 2004.

Republic of Slovenia
State / Democratic parliamentary republic since 25 June 1991
Member of the European Union since 1 May 2004
Capital / Ljubljana, 272.220 inhabitants (2011)
National flag / Horizontal stripes in white, blue and red with Slovenian coat of arms on its left upper side
Coat of arms / Three six-pointed yellow stars are symbols of the Counts of Celje with Triglav as a symbol of Slovenehood and underlying two wavy lines symbolizing Slovenian rivers and the sea
Anthem / The seventh stanza of Zdravljica, a poem by France Prešeren, set to music by Stanko Premrl
State holidays / June 25 - Statehood Day, December 26 - Independence and Unity Day
Official Language / Slovenian, in some nationally mixed border areas also Italian and Hungarian
Currency / EUR 1= 100 cents
Phone dial code / +386

Geography
Size / 20,273 km²
Length of borders / 1,370 km: with Austria 318 km, with Italy 280 km, with Hungary 102 km, with Croatia 670 km
Length of coastline / 46.6 km
Neighbouring states / Austria, Italy, Hungary, Croatia
Largest towns / Ljubljana, Maribor, Kranj,  Celje
Highest mountain / Triglav 2,864 m
Longest river / Sava 221 km
Landscape / The territory of Slovenia is geographically divided into four basic types of  landscape - Alpine in the north, Mediterranean in the south-west, Dinaric in the south and Pannonian in the east.
Climate / There are three different types of climate in Slovenia: continental in the central part, Alpine in the north-west and sub-Mediterranean along the coast and its hinterland.

Population
Inhabitants / 2.062.455 (September 2014)
Population density / 101.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (1 July 2011)
Nationalities (2002 census): Slovenian 83%; Italian 0,1%; Hungarian 0,3%; Croat 1,8%; Serbian 2,0%; Muslim (including Bosniacs) 1,6%; others 2,2%; unknown: 8,9%
Births / On average 1,58 children per woman (2012)
Life expectancy / 76.96 for men and 82.89 for women (2012)
Urbanization / Approximately one third of the population live in towns with more than 10,000 inhabitants, the rest live in nearly six thousand smaller towns and villages.
Religions / According to the 2002 census the most of population (58 %) are Catholics. Together there are 43 religious communities registered in Slovenia. Among the oldest is the Evangelical Church, most widely spread in the northeastern part of Slovenia.

Political system
Legislation / Under the Constitution, Slovenia is a democratic republic and a social state governed by law. The state’s authority is based on the principle of the separation of  egislative, executive and judicial powers, with a parliamentary system of government. The highest legislative authority is the National Assembly (90 deputies), which has the right to enact laws. Elections to the National Assembly are held every four years.
Suffrage / According to the Constitution, the right to vote is universal and equal. Every citizen who has attained the age of eighteen years has the right to vote and stand for office.
President / Borut Pahor since 2012
Prime Minister / Miro Cerar since 18 September 2014
Parties represented in the National Assembly, elected on 13 July 2014 / Party of Modern Centre (SMC), Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS), Democtratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia (DeSUS), Social Democrats (SD), United Left (ZL), New Slovenia - Christian Democtrats (NSi), Alliance of Alenka Bratušek (ZaAB) and one representative each of the Hungarian and Italian national communities.

Parties represented in the National Assembly as of 1 October 2015 / Party of Modern Centre (SMC), Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS), Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia (DeSUS), Social Democrats (SD), United Left (ZL), New Slovenia - Christian Democrats (NSi), Deputy Group of Unaffiliated Deputies (NP), Unaffiliated deputy (JM UD) (JM NeP) and one representative each of the Hungarian and Italian national communities.

Economy
Macroeconomic indices for Slovenia 2014

- Real GDP growth (real growth rate in %) 2.9
- GDP per capita in EUR 18.093
- Rate of unemployment by ILO in % 9.7
- Inflation (annual average) 0.2 
 

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